Stains or hyperpigmentation are unwanted consequences of sun exposure, and this is the time to fight them, with  Home methods and technological advances.

Hyperpigmentation is caused by increased melanin. This substance absorbs and disperses ultraviolet radiation.

In the fall, awareness is usually taken of the damage that the sun has left on the skin in the summer months. It is the right time to combat unwanted spots (hyperpigmentation).

Hyperpigmentation is caused by increased melanin. This substance absorbs and disperses ultraviolet radiation, which absorbed is transformed into color. This is the main reason that causes skin spots, especially in the summer when the radiation is high.

The spots are accentuated with exposure to the sun but it should be considered that other sources of light can stain the skin.

The sunscreen should be placed inside the home if there are lamps or fluorescence tubes lit or if the sun is shining on the windows and people are close to them.

Causes

There are a number of factors that cause hyperpigmentation.

– Some medications.

– Sequelae of infections.

– Trauma

– Inflammatory diseases such as acne.

– Waxing or shaving.

– After an allergy has occurred.

– The genetic predisposition.

– Autoimmune and endocrine diseases.

– Abrasions or peels when performed without taking the necessary precautions.

-Cosmetics, such as perfumes. This is observed especially in the neck area.

The causes mentioned are exacerbated by the incidence of the sun.

Observations:

– Higher phototypes (darker skin) are more likely than light skin to stain. Especially if they have excessive sun exposure.

– With the passage of time, more spots appear and the existing ones are accentuated. They are increasingly difficult to clarify.

– Hyperpigmentation appears more frequently in areas that are most exposed to the sun because they do not wear clothing (face, hands, and cleavage). More spots are seen in areas where there was the excess sun; on the shoulders or back. These are places where there may have been some kind of “burn”. It is common that they appear over the years in the legs.

– Regions that are commonly exposed to the sun have a melanocyte density of up to twice as high.

– Melanocytes are also found in the dermis (second layer of the skin), a difficult place to reach with peels and depigmenting creams.

– All procedures to eliminate hyperpigmentations can begin to be carried out in the autumn and must finish at the most in the month of October.

– After all the procedures to remove stains, from the softest to the most aggressive, at least SPF 50+ sun protection factor should be used and replaced several times a day. Of course not expose yourself to the sun.

 

skin treatments

Treatments

1- Sun protection. It is the number one treatment. It should be applied every day of the year, even when it is cloudy because the rays have the ability to pass through the skin.

2- Application of products with key active principles. A large amount is used. The most used and effective are hydroquinone and retinoic acid. But mixtures with glycolic or mandelic acid are also made. Other depigmenting agents that can be used are kojic acid, azelaic acid, ascorbic acid (vitamin C) or phytic acid. These acids are formulated in creams that are used at home.

3- Peelings.  It consists of the use of different chemical substances: mandelic, glycolic and retinoic acids among others. They can also be physical peels that are performed to renew mechanically in the most superficial layers of the epidermis. Thus the tone will look more homogeneous.

4- Microdermabrasion with a diamond tip. It is an exfoliation that is performed through aluminum oxide microcrystals. the most superficial skin cells are removed for renewal. Then the dead cells are aspirated. This improves tone, texture and promotes cell regeneration.

5- Pulsed light with AFT (advanced fluorescence technology) technology. Each pulse of AFT limits the maximum power to the required therapeutic range. In this way, it precisely heats the area to be treated. The objective of removing pigmentations is thus achieved. Between 3 and 4 sessions are needed with intervals of 1 month.

6- Q-Switched. To treat skin with light spots or melasma. The treatment consists of a laser beam that fragments the pigment into much smaller particles, allowing it to be removed naturally. The method is very effective and achieves remarkable results in 4 or 6 sessions.

7- Vitamin C combined with dermapen: We have already talked about this vitamin in other entries, it is also known as ascorbic acid and belongs to the Alpha Hydroxy Acids. It provides an extra luminosity and brightness, it is a very powerful antiaging because it acts to repair the tissues and helps in the formation of collagen.

All the mentioned procedures must be carried out when the sun’s radiation is not high. The person must protect themselves with sunscreens, at least 50+.
It is important to remember that “the spots have a memory” and that they can return to some extent with sun exposure. For this reason, it is so important to carry out the correct treatment and protect yourself properly.

vitamin c

pigmentation treatment