They are one of the collateral damages of the sun. Skin blemishes are never welcome and are merely a reflection of inadequate sun exposure. In addition, it is common to read and hear that the skin has memory, but do we really know what it means? When we make this statement, we are referring to the fact that our skin accumulates sun damage (burns, dehydration, etc.) although it seems imperceptible, and problems (milder, such as spots, or more serious, such as melanomas) can arise a lot. time after ceasing to be exposed to solar radiation.
To raise awareness of the risks of inadequate exposure to the sun and the need to take care of our skin throughout the year, Dr. Cristina Villegas, she adds that “we must be vigilant if new spots or changes appear in the nevi (moles). If so, the most advisable thing is to notify our dermatologist. ”
Although the sun is a source of health and well-being, we must always expose ourselves with adequate protection and follow these 10 key tips:
Use a sunscreen suitable for our skin phototype, as well as physical protection: hats, sunglasses …
Always apply the sunscreen 20-30 minutes before sun exposure on clean skin and renew the application every two hours approximately, especially after prolonged baths.
We must be very rigorous in sun protection for children since adequate protection during childhood reduces the incidence of skin cancer in adulthood.
Avoid sunbathing between 12 noon and 4 in the afternoon because the risk of sunburn despite the precautions is very high. Sun exposure should always be progressive.
We must be aware that on a cloudy day, even if we do not have the perception of heat, 80% of ultraviolet radiation reaches us and, therefore, we must protect ourselves equally.
In the water and in the shade we are also exposed to the sun and therefore we must also protect ourselves.
During outdoor sports, we must also use adequate sun protection, even in the winter months.
It is advisable to drink plenty of liquids – water and juices – to avoid dehydration.
After sun exposure we must generously cleanse and hydrate the skin.
We should go to our dermatologist if we observe any change in the shape, size, or color of our moles (nevi) or new spots appear. Following the ABC of the nevus can be helpful:
• A: asymmetry
• B: irregular edges
• C: color changes